The creation of the Schutzstaffel was mainly a product of Hitler’s need for a security force during mass meetings and other public functions. Hitler appointed Heinrich Himmler as the organization’s leader on January 6, 1929.
Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler (the chief of the German police) then created “a special branch for the detective police which he designated Security Police” in 1936. This branch was otherwise known as the Sicherheitspolizei, or Sipo for short.
The Sipo was a combination of the Gestapo, who were political police, and the Kripo, who were regular detectives, under the command of General Reinhard Heydrich.
 Chris Webb et. Al, “The SS: Himmler’s Schutzstaffel,” Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team, last modified 2008, http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/holoprelude/aboutthess.html.
 George Browder, Hitler’s Enforcers: the Gestapo and the SS security service in the Nazi revolution (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), 3.
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