The creation of the Schutzstaffel was mainly a product of Hitler’s need for a security force during mass meetings and other public functions.[1] Hitler appointed Heinrich Himmler as the organization’s leader on January 6, 1929.[2]

Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler (the chief of the German police) then created “a special branch for the detective police which he designated Security Police” in 1936.[3] This branch was otherwise known as the Sicherheitspolizei, or Sipo for short.

The Sipo was a combination of the Gestapo, who were political police, and the Kripo, who were regular detectives, under the command of General Reinhard Heydrich.[4]



[1] Chris Webb et. Al, “The SS: Himmler’s Schutzstaffel,” Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team, last modified 2008,

[2] Ibid.

[3] George Browder, Hitler’s Enforcers: the Gestapo and the SS security service in the Nazi revolution (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), 3.

[4] Ibid.


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